When applying to a journalism department, when applying for an internship in the editorial office, as well as in many literary competitions, it is required to write an essay. Not many people have much experience writing in this genre, so you should know the basic rules of working on an essay.
An essay is a creative material in the form of prose that reflects the personal position of the essay's author. Most often it is written with elements of colloquial speech within the limits of literary norms of handmadewriting. The essay can be about yourself, or it can contain an individual position on some phenomenon, a situation in the past, present and future.
The main feature of an essay is the presence of a specific topic and its problems. The essay reveals the personality of the author by revealing his outlook, attitude towards the situation. An important role is played by argumentation, description of details. If the essay is written by a future or already established journalist, the evaluator will also place great emphasis on the style of narration, the ability to disclose the topic and competently formalize their thoughts.
In educational institutions they are given tasks to write essays for the development of creative and critical thinking, skills of presentation of their own thoughts, ability to analyze situations and give personal assessment to them. Often, before starting to write an essay, you have to closely and deeply study all the information regarding the given topic.
The essay is distinguished:
- The introduction, where the topic and problems are outlined;
- The main part, which contains the author's thesis with proving arguments;
- The conclusion, which sums up and the author draws conclusions.
In addition to these main parts, you should make a preliminary plan, dividing it into smaller parts. Consistently in your work should go an introduction, then the part with an explanation of why you care about the chosen topic - necessarily with arguments. Then a stage of more in-depth discussion, where the author relies on specific facts and evidence.
If there are opposing points of view in the information space, use them to reflect all sides of the chosen topic. Arguing your position against them will make your point of view look more thorough and show the reader your individual position.
In conclusion, in addition to the conclusions, it is acceptable to express your feelings about your opinion. This will make your work more vivid and personal.